Unprecedented success in ‘Bangabandhu BRRI-100’ paddy cultivation...

Unprecedented success in ‘Bangabandhu BRRI-100’ paddy cultivation

 Kazi Mofiqul Islam, Akhaura, Brahmanbaria daily-bangladesh.com

 Published: 07:51 PM, 28 April 2022   Updated: 07:52 PM, 28 April 2022

Photo: Daily Bangladesh

Photo: Daily Bangladesh

On the occasion of Bangabandhu’s birth centenary, ‘Bangabandhu BRRI-100’ variety of rice invented by Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI) has been cultivated in Akhaura of Brahmanbaria for the first time. Two farmers named Md. Tamjid Khan and Sabbir Hossain have achieved unprecedented success by cultivating in the first year.

They cultivate this paddy in the Nurpur and Moniyanda areas of the Dakkhin Union of the upazila with the aim of producing seeds. Paddy has already started ripening in their land. Farmers and concerned people said that “the paddy can be harvested and threshed within the next week”.

According to farmers, the yield of this paddy is better than other paddies, as a result, it is attracting the eye of everyone. The Upazila Agriculture Office assists them in keeping the yield good. Farmers are expecting the ‘Bangabandhu BRRI-100’ variety of paddy to be above 25 mounds per bigha.

The Upazila Agriculture Office says two farmers were given ‘Bangabandhu BRRI-100’ rice seeds. Then those two farmers cultivated paddy. At present, paddy has started ripening in their land. They are eagerly waiting to cut and thresh the paddy.

This new variety of paddy becomes suitable for harvesting within 148 days. The average yield is 6 to 7 tons per hectare. Farmers will be more interested in cultivating this paddy than any other variety. 

According to the Department of Agriculture, the characteristics of the Bangabandhu-100 paddy are that all the features of modern upland paddy are present in this paddy. At the growth stage of the tree, the shape is similar to that of BRRI Dhan-74. The head of this paddy is steep, broad and long and the leaf color is green. Adult plant height 101 cm, the weight of 1000 nourished paddy is 16.7 gm. Rice is medium-thin and white, zinc content is 25.7 mg/kg – which is higher than BBRI rice 74 (24.2 mg/kg). Rice contains amylose 26.8 percent and protein 7.8 percent.

Due to the low incidence of diseases, pests and insects in this paddy, the local farmers are inclined to cultivate this paddy as the yield is better than other paddies. Due to proper care and favorable weather, the bumper crop of paddy has been harvested this season.

They also said that Bangabandhu Dhan-100 is a variety of boro seasons. This variety was originally hybridized in 2006. Later, 5 years yield was tested in the research field of Rice Research Institute. In 2020, the seed was released by the National Seed Board as it was satisfactory in the Yield Test (PVT) by the Seed Certification Agency.

Farmer Tamjid Khan said if the same variety of paddy is planted in the same land every year, the disease resistance of that paddy decreases a lot. As a result, the incidence of diseases in the land is increasing and the yield is decreasing. “Planting new varieties of paddy” every year gives a lot of protection from diseases and increases the yield several times.

He also said after hearing about the Bangabandhu variety of paddy from the Upazila Agriculture Officers and on their advice, he started cultivating paddy with the “aim of producing seed” within 60 Shatak of the area this season. Paddy has started ripening in the land. The yield of this paddy is more eye-catching than other paddies. I hope the paddy will be harvested in a day or two. I hope to produce 25 to 26 mounds of paddy per bigha.

He added that we are mainly producing and marketing improved varieties of seeds in the Aman and Boro seasons. We are producing and marketing 30-35 tons of seeds at the farmer level every two seasons.  

Farmer Sabbir Hossain said if other varieties of paddy including BRRI-29 are planted, pesticides have to be applied at least five times — but for this new variety, pesticides have to be applied two to three times. Moreover, the use of fertilizers is also reduced. Compared to other varieties, paddy can be harvested a week or two earlier, so there is less chance of crop failure due to storms or rain.

Shahana Begum, agriculture officer of the upazila, said Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI) had developed a Bangabandhu variety of zinc-rich rice. The Department of Agriculture has taken various initiatives to expedite the cultivation of this paddy among the farmers. Farmers are being taught how to supply fertilizer seeds and how to cultivate paddy. They have been encouraging farmers to popularize this high-yielding variety of rice as it is less susceptible to insect attacks and diseases.

She added that the first Bangabandhu Paddy-100 has been cultivated in this upazila. In the end, the bumper yield of paddy is expected in the land as the weather is favorable and the irrigation system is good.