US Election 2020: Fierce battle in Congress...

Dhaka, Sunday   17 January 2021

US Election 2020: Fierce battle in Congress

 International Desk

 Published: 08:48 PM, 4 November 2020  

US Election 2020: Fierce battle in Congress

US Election 2020: Fierce battle in Congress

The Americans are electing their next president as well as senators and members of the House of Representatives. Here are full results from all 50 states.

There are 100 members of the upper chamber. Republicans held a 53-47 Senate majority. Democrats needed to gain at least three seats to win control, or four if Donald Trump is re-elected and Mike Pence as vice-president can break a tie. Senators serve six-year terms; every two years a third of the seats are up for re-election. This year 35 Senate seats are being contested.

Democrats were defending a majority in the 435-member House. Republicans held 197 House seats and needed 218 to win control. Members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms and face re-election every even year. A shift to mail-in voting may mean that the result of the House vote will not be known on election night.

The US legislature, Congress, has two chambers. The lower chamber, the House of Representatives, has 435 voting seats, each representing a district of roughly similar size. There are elections in each of these seats every two years.

The upper chamber, the Senate, has 100 members, who sit for six-year terms. One-third of the seats come up for election in each two-year cycle. Each state has two senators, regardless of its population; this means that Wyoming, with a population of less than 600,000, carries the same weight as California, with almost 40 million.

Most legislation needs to pass both chambers to become law, but the Senate has some important other functions, notably approving senior presidential appointments, for instance to the supreme court.

In most states, the candidate with the most votes on election day wins the seat. However, Georgia and Louisiana require the winning candidate to garner 50% of votes cast; if no one does, they hold a run-off election between the top two candidates.- The Gurdian.