International Slave Abolition Day
Reminiscing the scandalous chapter in human history
Published: 02:54 PM, 23 August 2021 Updated: 02:59 PM, 23 August 2021
International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition is being observed today
Today, August 23, has marked the International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition. The day is being observed in the country as well as around the world in a befitting manner.
The day was designated by UNESCO to memorialize the transatlantic slave trade.
Slave-system can be called a scandalous chapter in human history. It was normal at one time, although slavery is now seen as the most hideous or strange practice in today’s world.
To abolish the system, protests began on August 22 and 23 in 1791 in Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Britain later released their African slaves in 1807 and the United States in 1808. The United Kingdom, France, and the United States enacted laws banning slavery in 1833, 1848, and 1865, respectively.
Slavery is the name of a dark chapter in human history. No matter how strange it may sound in modern times, it was natural that once there was ‘human’ slaves in people’s homes. The number of slaves helped to show the ‘aristocracy of the rich’. The owner did not have to face any kind of trial even if they were killed!
Although slavery originated from Greek civilization, it was present in all layers of civilization, including Roman civilization and the Buddhist era. Slavery was prevalent in ancient Bengal as well as in the Indian subcontinent. Slave trade continued in this country till the English period.
African-born slaves were most in-demand in the global slave trade market. Extreme strength and shapely body became a curse for Africans at that time. Most of them were sold in the European market.
America, the major superpower in the world today, was the main place of slavery. The fate of slaves did not change, despite they played an important role in America’s independence from Great Britain on July 4, 1776. Finally, a civil war broke out in the United States in 1861 for the abolition of slavery.
Abraham Lincoln, then a popular American leader (later one of the most successful presidents) in the civil war, declared the 1863 anti-slavery policy with his position among the slaves.
After the French Revolution in 1789, the liberation movement from slavery officially began to take shape. Freed from slavery, the slaves revolted in Haiti from 1791 to 1803 to regain their human rights. On August 22, 1791, the slave movement spread around the world like wildfire and a thousand French lords were assassinated by slaves.
By announcing the International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition, UNESCO provided an opportunity to commemorate this special occasion worldwide. The day was first celebrated in Haiti in 1998. The following year it was officially held in Senegal. Now it is celebrated all over the world as an international day.
On this day, we have to remember those people who worked hard to free the world from this despicable slave trade and slavery.