Red Ghost crabs add serenity to Cox’s Bazar sea beach...

Dhaka, Monday   01 June 2020

Beximco LPG Gas

Red Ghost crabs add serenity to Cox’s Bazar sea beach

 Hasibul Islam, Chattogram

 Published: 05:33 PM, 23 May 2020   Updated: 08:45 PM, 23 May 2020

The home of Red Ghost crabs, it looks like hand-painted alpana of an artist; Photo: Daily Bangladesh

The home of Red Ghost crabs, it looks like hand-painted alpana of an artist; Photo: Daily Bangladesh

Cox’s Bazar, the world’s longest sea beach, is now noiseless, as a result, nature has balanced its old state today. Even the rare extinct animals and species are returning.   

Such a rare extinct species is Red Ghost crabs, or also known as one-legged red crabs, making new homes on the uninhabited beach – it looks like the artist’s skillful hand-painted alpana. This endangered crab was once one of the most beautiful animals in Cox's Bazar beach.

Chemical reactions with red crabs change the quality of the soil. By changing the physical and biochemical properties and characteristics of the soil, it creates an environment for the survival of various organisms and plants. These one-legged red crabs also reduce the salinity of the beach soil.

Cox's Bazar, the world's longest beach, was crowded with tourists every moment of the year. The district administration has banned tourists from entering the area to prevent coronavirus (COVID-19) infection. 

Since then, the dolphins have started returning to the silent beach, the muddy water of the sea is regaining its colour, beach morning glory flowers are growing. Now, the Red Ghost crabs have been added to the list. These one-legged animals are building houses here and there on the beach. And that’s how the Cox’s Bazar beach got back to diversity.

The home of Red Ghost crabs at Cox’s Bazar sea beach

The holes that red crabs make in the beach soil for living and breeding are looks like English alphabet I, J, L, U, and half-U. The depth of these holes is usually 9 to 17 inches. The lowest position of the hole is about 1/3 inch (one centimeter) above the water level. This creates a dramatic difference in temperature above the surface and below the hole.

Chittagong University Fisheries Department Chairman Prof. Hossain Jamal told Daily Bangladesh, “I went to Laboni Point on Cox's Bazar beach in 1983. There I saw a lot of one-legged red crabs. These animals become extinct day by day as human footsteps increase. The tourist-free beach has regained its form. These endangered animals have also returned.”

I used to see only people on the beach. Many animals are returning because the coronavirus has banned public gatherings. As I was walking along the beach on Friday, I saw hundreds of red crabs hiding in the hole. Beach morning glory flowers are also growing at a massive rate, said local Asiful Islam Noori, adding: “The world’s longest beach is back in its old form.”