Pearl farming: a new possibility in rural economy...

Dhaka, Thursday   28 January 2021

Pearl farming: a new possibility in rural economy

 Barguna Correspondent

 Published: 12:55 PM, 29 November 2020  

Pearls produced in the country; File Photo

Pearls produced in the country; File Photo

Numerous people in the village are inclined towards pearl farming as it is relatively easy and profitable. Besides their own financial well-being, the rural economy is also prospering. Anyone interested can easily benefit from farming pearls with training.

Such example – Md. Nurul Islam, owner of Bright Agro Agricultural Farm in Latabaria village of Barguna Sadar upazila. The retired government official’s success story in pearl farming has already spread across the coast. He started a project to cultured pearls as well as oysters at Bright Agro Farm in 2019.

According to him, there are various complications in fish export including processing. But there is no such obstacle in the case of pearls. By farming pearls and fish together in a pond or reservoir, any family can benefit economically. 

Currently, innumerable people from different areas are coming to the farm every day to see the pearl farming project of Nurul Islam. Interested people are being given hands-on training on cultured pearls methods and techniques by Bright Agro.

While learning about pearl farming, it is known that the required quantity of quality oysters for pearl farming has to be collected from natural reservoirs. Before this, the prepared image has to be placed next to the mandible tissue and kept in the trapped net for the first 45 days. 

Because the oyster tries to get the foreign pill out of the body whenever getting the opportunity. Within 45 days, the image is stuck with the body shell. After 45 days, a large earthenware vessel is placed inside the net on a pot and gab is applied to produce plankton as oyster food. This method is suitable for extracting pearls in 7 to 8 months.

Meanwhile, mandrel tissue of other oysters has to be cut into small pieces for the production of round pearls and placed in a special bag for pearl production. It produces full pearls in 3 years. These pearls can be used in jewelry, pharmaceutical industry, cosmetics and paint formulations.

When asked, Md. Nurul Islam said pearl farming has been adding a new dimension to the rural economy. About 8 pearls are produced from each oyster. Bright Agro is currently producing more than 3,000 pearls. Bangladeshis living in Greece are currently importing these pearls. 

Seeing the pearl farming of Nurul Islam, many people in the area have become interested in this. Al Amin and Siddiqur Rahman, students of Barguna Government College, said that a small number of pearls are found naturally in the haors and beels of our country. If pearl farming is expanded, there will be opportunities for new employment.

They further said that this could bring huge success in alleviating rural poverty. “We ourselves are interested in cultured pearls. However, it can be cultured commercially with government patronage,” they added.

Barguna DC Md. Mostain Billah has already visited Nurul Islam’s pearl farming project. “Entrepreneurs like Nurul Islam are needed in coastal areas. Unemployed youths can become financially self-sufficient from pearl farming projects,” he said.