Alexa Kamrup Kamakhya: Mystery of India

Dhaka, Monday   23 September 2019


Kamrup Kamakhya: Mystery of India

 Salahuddin Ahmed

 Published: 10:31 PM, 24 August 2019   Updated: 10:32 PM, 24 August 2019



Kamrup Kamakhya, a very familiar name to any Bengali. Not for any other reason, there are various myths about this town. It is said that there is a Dakini-Yogini in Kamakhya Temple who is a practitioner of magic. 

If a man reaches there somehow— he has no salvation, even he cannot come out with magic piercing. He becomes a sex slave for Yoginis throughout his life. If anyone can get out of that self-imagination fortunately- but in return, his youth will be left in lust. 

We all have also heard from many that men often go there for mere curiosity or to learn their occult. But after learning the mantra, there is no way out. Even after a lot of effort, no one can escape from this. Those who come out — become great tantric called ‘Sadhu’ (very big worshiper).

In Hindupuran, Kamakhya is the place of Sati or Parvati and her husband is the place of meeting of the deity Shiva. When Sati died, her husband, Shiva Thakur, started to dance on Sati’s shoulder. Various parts of Sati’s body are opened in chunks of dance. Sati’s organ is divided into a total of 51 parts (Shakti Pithas).

The vital organs or reproductive organs of Sati’s body remain or fall into the city of Guwahati, Assam, India. It is located in the beautiful Nilachal Hill. The signs of which are found in four places or temples including in Bangladesh too.

History of Kamakhya Temple

The Kamakhya Temple of Guwahati, one of the holy temples, considered one of the oldest among the 51 Shakti Pithas. TheKamakhya Temple is also called as ‘Kamrup’. Mainly, Kamrupa was the ancient name of this region. Sometimes it is called together ‘Kamrup Kamakhya’ temple. 

The temple was built and renovated many times in the period of 8th-17th century. It portrays a hemispherical dome on a cruciform base, and this structure is known as the Nilachal type. Kamakhya Temple, located at the top of the Nilachal Hill, which is about 800 feet above the sea level.

What is Kamakhya? 

Kamakhya is believed to be an essential aspect in the field of black magic. ‘Tantrik’ had become an important part of the temple’s stature. This holy place had soon become a renowned center which witnessed tantric sacrifices, mysticism and the dark fanatics of sorcery. It is believed that Mystic Buddhism too gained popularity in Kamrupa in the 10th century. Even some renowned Buddhist professors hailed from Kamrupa are from the tenth and eleventh centuries.

It is believed that the Kamakhya temple was destroyed by Kalapahar, a general of Sulaiman Karrani in the 16th century. However, recently it is known that the temple wasn’t destroyed by Kalapahar. It fell to ruins when Hussein Shah invaded the Kamata Kingdom in the year 1498. It is said that the ruins of the temple after the invasion was discovered by Vishwasingha, who was the founder of the Koch dynasty. 

He started worshipping at the site and made efforts to revive it to its former glory but during the reign of his son, Naranarayan had completed the reconstruction of the temple. The Kamakhya temple was reconstructed using material from the ruins of the original temple that was lying scattered around.

Historical records and evidence provided by epigraphic tell us that the Chilarai built the main temple by the stones from the ruins. He also constructed the brick dome as an innovative measure. The current structural and architectural credit of the temple was during the Ahom times.

An old legend speaks that the Koch Bihar royal family being banned from offering prayers at the temple by Devi herself. The fear of the curse was such that not even today no descendant of the family looks up towards the Kamakhya hill. King Jayadhvaj Singha had conquered the Kamrup, and the interests of the Ahoms under him centrifuged around the temple.

The entire temple complex not only comprises of many other temples but also a whole set of people connected with them. 

There are some other temples of the various goddess can be seen in the complex. They are- the Sitala Temple, the Lalita Kanta Temple, The Jaya Durga Temple, the Vana Durga Temple, the Rajarajesvari Temple, the Smasanakali Temple, the Kail Temple of Abhayananda Dharamshala and the Sankhesvari Temple. 

There are five temples of Lord Shiva in the Kamakhya complex. They belong to different forms of Lord Shiva like Kamesvara (Umananda), Siddhesvara, Amratokesvara (Heruka), Aghpra, and Kotilinga (Tatpurusa).

Legend of Kamakhya Temple    

Many interesting stories are heard around the temple. It is believed that once Sati’s father invited Sati to a grand Yagna. Sati wanted to be a part of the Yagna but was denied permission by her husband, Lord Shiva. Then Sati visited the Yagna, after having fought with her husband, and upon her arrival, her father insulted her husband. 

This enraged Sati to the core, and so she jumped into the fire thus giving up her life. Lord Shiva couldn’t take his beloved wife’s demise, and he was enraged beyond measure. He carried his wife’s body and started doing ‘Tandava’, a divine dance performed by the Hindu god Shiva himself.

It is believed that Lord Shiva’s Tandava is considered to be the dance of destruction. To save the world, Lord Vishnu interfered, and hence he used his chakra to cut her body into 51 parts. The Kamakhya Temple is supposed to be the site where Sati’s womb and vaginal part fell hence the place is considered as a symbol of women power and fertility.

Another legend speaks of a romantic affair between Sati and Lord Shiva. These romantic encounters took place at the site where Kamakhya Temple is currently located. It is also believed that Lord Shiva cursed Kamadeva that he would not be able to enjoy his romantic powers anymore. He was free from his curse after seeking out Sati’s vaginal part at the location of the temple.  

Black magic and Tantric

The Kamakhya Temple has been famous for its black magic for decades. The temple has been in the light for its special puja to remove and curb black magic. This puja is performed by Sadhus and Aghoris who reside inside the temple premises. This puja involves rituals that help people who are suffering from problems related to black magic. 

These Sadhus can be found anywhere inside the complex. It is believed that ten Mahavidya is present here. Those are – Kali, Tara, Tripura, Sundari, Bhuvaneshwari, Bhairavi, Chhinnamasta, Dhumavati,  Bagalamukhi, Matangi, Kamala.

The Kamakhya Temple also holds puja for repelling dark spirits and ghosts. The puja conducted by these Tantric helps one to get rid of negative energies surrounding him. It sparks up to life especially during Ambubachi Mela when thousands of tantric visit the temple shrine. These tantrics help the people requiring their help and also showcase their power. 

Animal sacrifices take place during these pujas such as goat, pigeon, buffalo, etc. It is believed that most of the Kaul tantras originated from Kamrupa. It is believed that for a Tantric to be completely powerful, he must pay a visit to Kamakhya and pay his offerings and prayers to the goddess Kamakhya.

Rituals at Temple

Most of the rituals taking place in this temple involve the use of animal sacrifice. Sacrificing a goat or a buffalo is seen as a common practice in the Kamakhya Temple. The sacrifice of a female animal is strictly prohibited in this temple complex. The temple is also known for the Vashikarantantra. It is a ritual practice carried out by Tantric to help one to undergo attraction towards others. 

This practice is carried out when one wants someone to agree with him and his interests in a good way. By using the Vashikaran method, one can convince another person to agree with their thoughts. This ritual is believed to help people to come closer to each other and mend relationships. It is believed to prevent divorces and also help to bring a lot of wealth and prosperity in life.

Several Rituals are performed daily at Kamakhya Temple, Guwahati Assam. These practices are, however, slightly modified during festivals and special Pujas. 

How to go to Kamakhya Temple

Meghalaya’s Dowkey Border is an easy way to get to Assam. From Kolkata to Guwahati has also the way by air. However, the cost is high. After crossing the Sylhet’s Tamabil border come to Dowkey Border of Meghalaya. From Dowkey, you will get a taxi for Shillong. 

At least four people can get the taxi by 1500-2000 Rs. You will get a taxi or sumo jeep from Shillong Police Market for Guwahati. Per person’s rent for a taxi will be 150 Rs and per sumo or jeep for 80 Rs. You will get a local bus from Paltan Bazar of Guwahati to Kamakhya Temple.

You can also contact with BRTC-Shyamoli bus counter in Kamalapur. BRTC-Shyamoli bus leaves from Kamalapur to Shillong. 
Resort and Restaurant 

There are many hotels around Paltan Bazar and rail stations in Guwahati. Single room’s rent will be from 700 to 2000 rupees. You will find many hotels in Paltanbazar and Railway Station for dining. You will get rice and fish or bread for 100 to 300 rupees.


Paltan Bazar, Panbazar or Station Road is known as Guwahati’s commercial center. All of these will be available in the market. And there are many shops in Station Road to buy tea in Assam.


You will get a local bus from Guwahati to other places. The fare is around 10 to 20 rupees. You can also make a taxi reservation. Keep multiple photocopies of required documents, including passports, national ID cards, organization IDs, NOCs. It helps to rent a hotel, redeem dollars or cross the border.