Exim Bank Ltd.
Dhaka, Thursday 24 Jan, 2019

Decreasing organic, increasing chemical fertilizer

Jhenaidah CorrespondentDaily-Bangladesh.com
File Photo

The level of natural and organic fertilizers is continuously decreasing in the soil of Jhenaidah. But the levels of chemical fertilizers and pesticides increased. As a result, it is a threat to agriculture as well as the environment.

According to District Extension Department data, Bangladesh Chemistry Industry Association (BCAC) provided 59 thousand 940 tonnes of last year for the six upazilas of the district, out of 1,03,576 tonnes of chemical fertilizers. The remaining fertilizer dealers collect from other places to meet the needs.

Besides, in the three seasons of Kharip-1, 2 and 3, farmers produce 1 lakh 93 thousand 851 tonnes of organic fertilizers. Of these, 5,589 tonnes of compost, 1,950 tonnes of farmland, 312 tonnes of vertical-compost and 1 lakh 86 a thousand tonnes of green manure. Because of the intensity of the crop in Jhenaidah land 251.2 percent, organic fertilizers are inadequate once than the demand. For farmers, it is possible to play an important role in solving the problems of organic fertilizers keeping livestock on private basis and on commercial basis.

Environmentalist Mizanur Rahman said before farmers used natural fertilizer only on their land. Farmers are encouraged to use it at the public and private level when the chemical fertilizer market is introduced in the early 1960s. Because nearly 100 percent of the farmers are not aware of this, they have leaned towards the good results of those chemical applications. For almost seven decades on one side of chemical usage, farmers have become accustomed to chemical use. And they almost close the application of organic fertilizer in agriculture. The increasing use of kitchen fuel as a substitute for livestock sewage farm.

Agriculturist Jahidul Islam said that in the 1990s, projects were taken to encourage organic fertilizers through government initiatives as well as private voluntary organizations to protect the environment and agriculture. It is said that a kind of movement started against the far-flowing harmful chemicals. The Department of Agricultural Extension also started a competition with the Private Voluntary Organization, but the government stopped the initiative for some unknown reason.

Momena Khatun, a housewife of Kamarkundu village of sadar upazila, said that she was made Gute from cows dung of her own house and sold it for seven or eight hundred, besides family, she also cooked by this. The two families used to cook it. 4 to 5 hundred takes in a family meal, it is worthless.

GM Abdur Rauf, Deputy Director of the Department of Agricultural Extension said, involving farmers in various training and awareness activities to increase the fertility of land through the creation of organic fertilizers. Due to livestock crisis and availability of chemical fertilizers, organic fertilizer production are reduced.

Daily Bangladesh/Sohug

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