Bangladesh moves 13 notches up in Global Hunger Index...

Dhaka, Sunday   25 October 2020

Bangladesh moves 13 notches up in Global Hunger Index

 Staff Correspondent

 Published: 07:32 PM, 16 October 2020  

Bangladesh moves 13 notches up in Global Hunger Index

Bangladesh moves 13 notches up in Global Hunger Index

Bangladesh has moved thirteen notches up to 75th spot among 117 countries in the Global Hunger Index (GHI), 2020. In the previous year, Bangladesh's rank was 88 among 117 countries.

The International Food Policy Research Institute released the index for the current year on Friday.

Not only in the index's place but Bangladesh is also ahead of all the four criteria by which the Global Hunger Index (GHI) is calculated.

The GHI is a tool designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger at the global, regional, and national levels by calculating four factors for each country --- undernourishment, child wasting, child stunting, and child mortality. According to 100-point GHI Severity Scale, scoring less than 9.9 means low hunger; 10.0–19.9 score indicates moderate hunger; 20.0–34.9 score indicates serious hunger; 35.0–49.9 score is alarming, and scoring over 50 is extremely alarming hunger situation.

The hunger index states that 13 percent of the total population of Bangladesh is malnourished; Children under the age of five weigh less than the height of 9.8 percent; Of those children, 28 percent have a lower age-to-age ratio and 3 percent have an under-five mortality rate.

Last year, the rates in these four cases were 14.6 percent, 14.4 percent, 36.2 percent, and 3.2 percent respectively.

Bangladesh has been ahead of neighboring India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan in this index for the last few years. However, it is still lagging behind Nepal and Sri Lanka.

Like last time, Sri Lanka is in the best position among the South Asian countries in the Global Hunger Index. And the most backward of the seven countries in war-torn Afghanistan. With the exception of Myanmar, the situation in all the countries in the region has improved.

According to the International Food Policy Research Institute, South Asian countries have made significant progress in the fight against hunger over the past year, but seven countries are in the top 40th position, where hunger is still a 'serious' problem.

Moreover, based on official data, the 2020 index has not been affected by the ongoing coronavirus epidemic.

Hasina Rahman, Assistant Country Director of Concern Worldwide, said, "We are concerned that the poverty rate in Bangladesh may double this year due to the Covid-19 epidemic." Moreover, as health, economic, and climate hazards come together this year, Bangladesh's food and nutrition security are also at considerable risk.

Therefore, according to the UN Sustainable Development Goals, if we want to hunger-free nation by 2030, in this difficult situation, we all need to change the entire food system on the basis of justice, in a healthy and environmentally friendly way.