Bakhshi Hamid Mosque carrying 450yrs of tradition
Published: 04:40 PM, 20 April 2021 Updated: 04:41 PM, 20 April 2021
Entrance of Bakhshi Hamid Mosque
The traditional Bakhshi Hamid Mosque of Ilsha village in Banshkhali upazila of Chattogram carrying the foundation of Muslim education and culture and its development in Islamic civilization is immense.
The plaque in front of this mosque, which has a tradition of 450 years, is inscribed in Arabic and its meaning – “The mosque was built during the reign of the king, who was given the title of Sultan-ul Muazzam, the great emperor of Deen and Millat”. It is learned that Sultanul Muazzam is none other than Sulaiman Karrani.
According to the inscription, the mosque was supposed to be established by Sulaiman Karrani, but it is popularly known as the mosque built by Bakshi Hamid.
History has shown that Bakshi Hamid’s full name was Muhammad Abdul Hamid. And Bakshi was his title. Bakshi is a Persian word – which means collector or tax collector. At that time, he was the tax collector and administrator of the region. He played a major role in improving the education, civilization and culture of the area.
According to locals, the Banshkhali area was full of the jungle at the time of middle age. There was no settlement. Then two Emirs of Gaur named Yusuf and Qutub left Gaur with a Sufi named Shah Abdul Karim and crossed the Bay of Bengal in search of suitable accommodation.
When they reached the place of Ilsha's Dargah house with the materials, Shah Abdul Karim uttered the word Illallah, buried his stick and expressed his desire to live there. From then on, the place became known as Illallah Shah’s place and later as Ilsha.
According to historians, many religious saints like Pir Mashayekh appeared in this village. One of them was Shah Chan Mollah. Bakshi Abdul Hamid was a descendant of Shah Chan Mollah.
After the Independence of Bangladesh, the government took steps to reform it. In 1975, it was included in the list of Protected Monuments and Mounds in Bangladesh, as a result, some parts of the mosque were reformed.
The architects claim that the mosque has a similar Mughal architectural style of brick, stone and surkhi like Shaista Khan Mosque in Dhaka and the Bibi Maryam Mosque in Narayanganj.
The Bakshi Hamid Mosque has three domes. The middle one is relatively large and the other two are attached to the roof like bows. The mosque has five arched entrances. Three to the east and the other two to the north and south. The eastern entrances are built under a half-domed vault, with a notched design on the outside.
A huge Islamic complex with madrasas and orphanages has been built around the Bakshi Hamid Mosque – which has been named Darul Quran Muhammadia Shah Bakshi Hamid Complex. There are more than 200 students studying here.