80 pc country’s population to be vaccinated in 5 stages...

Dhaka, Sunday   17 January 2021

80 pc country’s population to be vaccinated in 5 stages

 Staff Correspondent daily-bangladesh.com

 Published: 11:23 AM, 6 January 2021   Updated: 02:04 PM, 6 January 2021

Coronavirus Vaccine; File Photo

Coronavirus Vaccine; File Photo

Pfizer-BioNTech, Oxford-AstraZeneca Covid-19 vaccine has been approved by various countries to combat the global pandemic coronavirus (Covid-19). Bangladesh, in the meantime, has given permission for the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine for emergency use. For this, 80 percent of the countrymen are being brought under vaccination program in 192 days in five consecutive stages. 

This information has been obtained from the draft plan for the implementation of the Covid-19 vaccine nationally prepared by the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) recently. The draft was sent to the Ministry of Health for final approval on Monday. 

The DGHS sources told that after the scrutinization of the Ministry of Health, the DGHS draft plan will be given final approval.

According to the draft plan, 80 percent of the total population of the country — i.e, 13,82,47,000 people as a total population — will be vaccinated in five stages in three phases. The time has been set to bring this population under vaccination in 192 days. Starting from the highest risk, the low-risk population will be gradually vaccinated.

The draft plan sent to the Ministry of Health for approval will be finalized through the scrutinizing, i.e, the addition-subtraction process. But it is not possible to say when the draft will be finalized, told Dr. ASM Alamgir,  Chief Scientific Officer of the DGHS’s Institute of Epidemiology Disease Control And Research (IEDCR), reporters.   

“About 60 million people, including 40 percent of the population under the age of 18, 3 to 3.5 million maternity and 10 million people living abroad, will be out of vaccine roll-out program – which has been informed to all from the beginning,” he said. 

Dr. Alamgir added that trials of Pfizer-BioNTech, Oxford-AstraZeneca have already started on children and maternity, however, they will also include in the roll-out program. Besides, a large portion of the population under the age of 18 will be over 18 before the start of the vaccination. “With these in mind – a draft plan has been made to bring 80 percent of the total population of the country under vaccination,” he said.

According to the draft plan, three percent of the total population, i.e., 51,84,284 people will be vaccinated in the first stage of the first phase and seven percent of the total population, i.e., 1,20,96,657 people will get the vaccine in the 2nd stage. In the 1st stage of the 2nd phase – 11 to 20 percent or 1,72,80,000 people will get the vaccine. 

The vaccine will be given in two stages in the third and last phase – of these – 21 to 40 percent or 3,45,61,000 people will be vaccinated in the first stage and 41 to 50 percent or 6,91,23,000 people will be vaccinated in the second stage.

Physicians, nurses and health workers engaged in the treatment of Covid-19 patients — consider as the highest risk population — will be under the vaccine rollout program in the first stage.

In the second stage — the elderly, people with health risks, educators and public transport workers will be vaccinated. Then others will be vaccinated in consecutive stages.

According to the draft plan, planning and coordinating committees at all levels of government will be formed to assist and coordinate the planning, implementation and monitoring of vaccination programs. A separate committee will be formed at the national level to vaccinate the Rohingya people who have taken refuge in Bangladesh from Myanmar. 

The vaccination program will run from 9:00 am to 3:00 pm daily except for public holidays. Vaccination activities can be carried out in the evening at some government-designated immunization centers under a special scheme on public holidays. 

A total of six teams with two staff and four volunteers will be formed to conduct the vaccination program at the field level centers. Each team will be able to vaccinate an average of 100 to 150 people per day, according to the draft plan. 

The government’s Extended Immunization Program (EPI) will transport vaccines from the national level to district and city corporation areas by refrigerated trucks.

About this, Health Minister Zahid Maleque said a draft plan for the implementation of the Covid-19 vaccine has been submitted on behalf of the health ministry. Experts and senior officials of the ministry will finalize the addition and subtraction through scrutinization.

DailyBangladesh/AS